For ambient—or general—lighting, one central ceiling-mounted fixture produces all-over illumination but must be augmented with task lighting to eliminate shadows. Other options for ambient lighting include using a series of recessed fixtures or positioning lighting atop cabinetry. Be judicious with recessed fixtures or the room may feel overlit—like a surgery suite.
Use caution if you're considering track lighting, says interior designer Ashley Fruits of WrightWorks, an Indianapolis remodeling company. "Track lighting can be blinding when it isn't positioned properly," she says. "No one wants to feel like they're staring into the sun."